Trump signs Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act into law

A protester holds up a sign calling on the U.S. to pass the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act during a rally in September. Photo via Flickr/Etan Liam.
A protester holds up a sign calling on the U.S. to pass the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act during a rally in September. Photo via Flickr/Etan Liam.

President Donald Trump signed a law Wednesday supporting pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong, likely angering Beijing just as Washington was hoping to ease the long-running U.S.-China trade war.

Trump had seemed reluctant to sign the bill but with almost unanimous U.S. congressional support for the measure, he had little political room to maneuver.

In a statement, Trump spoke of “respect” for Chinese President Xi Jinping and said he hoped the “leaders and representatives of China and Hong Kong will be able to amicably settle their differences.”

A week ago, China’s foreign minister, Wang Yi, condemned the bill as “naked interference in China’s internal affairs.”

Just on Tuesday, the Foreign Ministry said it had summoned the U.S. ambassador to Beijing to warn that the United States would “bear all the consequences” if the bill went through.

The Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, which won rare and overwhelming bipartisan support in both houses of Congress, supports Hong Kong’s protesters.

It requires the U.S. president to annually review the city’s favorable trade status and threatens to revoke it if the semi-autonomous territory’s freedoms are quashed.

Congress also passed legislation banning sales of tear gas, rubber bullets and other equipment used by Hong Kong security forces in putting down the protests, which are now in their sixth month.

Republican senators Marco Rubio and Jim Risch, together with Democratic senators Ben Cardin and Bob Menendez, issued a joint statement welcoming Trump’s decision.

“The US now has new and meaningful tools to deter further influence and interference from Beijing into Hong Kong’s internal affairs,” Rubio said.

Trump could have vetoed the bill, but he would have faced the possibility of a politically humiliating override — something unthinkable on most issues, but feasible given the strength of congressional support on Hong Kong.

Trump, who badly wants even a partial trade deal to show to voters as his reelection campaign gets underway, had appeared to hesitate.

New pressure came on him to join Congress after Hong Kong voted decisively in local elections Sunday for candidates backing demands for more democracy and autonomy from communist China’s central government.

On Tuesday, Trump said he was “with” the protesters, but quickly backpedaled, emphasizing his close ties to Xi and efforts to secure a long-delayed resolution to the trade war between the world’s two biggest economies.

“We’re in the final throes of a very important deal, I guess you could say one of the most important deals in trade ever,” Trump said.

“It’s going very well, but at the same time we want to see it go well in Hong Kong. I think it will. I think that President Xi can make that happen. I know him and I know he’d like to make it happen,” he said.

Washington and Beijing have delivered a series of positive signals in the last few days about closing in on a partial trade deal, known as “phase one.” However, previous predictions of success have repeatedly come and gone.

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