On Thursday, when Rittipong “Beer” Dachkul became Highland Cafe’s first customer to buy potent weed, a reporter covering the moment saw things very differently.
After observing Rittpong’s purchase, Nicolas Kumanoff intoned gravely in a Deutsche Welle report, “The cannabis on sale is low-potency.” That would be news to not only Rittipong, who walked out with a potent indica strain called LSD-25, but to the man who sold it to him over the counter.
“Absolutely not, hahaha,” Highland cofounder Arun Avery said. “Most were high-THC strains grown here by the locals. The potency checked out well, so it must be because people have been misinformed and just assumed. There’s a lot of misinformation out there, and it needs to be cleared up.”
With that falsehood, Kumanoff joined the ranks of reporters who have been consistently wrong about Thailand’s giant leap to legalization.
“Thailand on Thursday became the first country in Asia to decriminalize cannabis – but tough penalties will still apply to those who use the drug to get high,” CNN reported, falsely.
There has been so much misinformation and bad reporting about cannabis legalization that false beliefs about its legal status or limited potency have become gospel for many.
Disbelief that Thailand took such a radical step reverberates through headlines of the world’s top news agencies, feeding the confusion rather than clarifying understanding.
“Thailand legalises cannabis trade but still bans recreational use” the venerable BBC headlined a report that posed and answered its own question incorrectly: “So is it legal or isn’t it? As Thailand’s tourist economy recovers from its long Covid slumber, many visitors will be wondering whether the new liberal regime governing cannabis means they can light up a joint wherever and whenever they please. The answer from the government is no, you cannot smoke marijuana in public, and it is still illegal to sell or supply any products containing more than 0.2% of the main hallucinogenic compound THC.”
An imagined “cap” on weed potency of 0.2% and ban on smoking for fun are the most persistent falsehoods.
Reached for comment Monday, Southeast Asia correspondent and English-language media daimyo Jonathan Head said he was not authorized to respond, adding that he was preparing his own report on the matter due to air next week.
After Coconuts reached out to the BBC, a spokesperson in London sent a word-mincing statement that “[a]lthough the word ‘products’ in this context is not wrong, we agree it could lead to confusion for audiences. So we have amended the story to use the more precise term, ‘extracts.’”
In truth, there are currently no laws regulating cannabis. Instead, there is a legal vacuum since it was removed from the list of controlled substances on May 9. Not even an age limit. That’s because lawmakers were slow to act on a bill that would regulate its use. It only passed first reading Wednesday and is likely months away from enactment unless emergency measures are taken.
Until then, public nuisance laws – which can be used to enforce any unruly behavior – are the only legal tool police could potentially use to punish smokers at the moment. Even then, offenders get a warning before repeat violations draw a large fine and possible jail time.
The most common falsehood has been near-universal reporting that there would be a limit of 0.2% THC for any weed – effectively banning it. This distortion spread through the echo chamber so thoroughly that it has become difficult to debunk. The only limit – misinterpreted by reporters and taken up by others as fact – is on secondary “extracts” such as edibles, oils, waxes, etc.
As Coconuts reported in January in an attempt to cut through the misinformation, reporters appeared to misunderstand what an “extract” was.
For the truth, one only has to read the actual government orders issued.
The Public Health Ministry specified in an August order that weed-infused food products must contain no more than 0.2% of THC by weight.
Then there was the ministerial order signed by Public Health Minister Anutin Charnvirakul back in February which removed cannabis and added cannabis extracts alongside opium poppies and psilocybin.
That order came into effect Thursday, 120 days after it was published in the Royal Gazette, and legalized marijuana.
“The 0.2% thing, or low potency thing they’re talking about is the regulation to remove cannabis from controlled substances,” Arun said. It says extracts that have THC more than 0.2% are still going to be considered narcotics. If you read through it properly, there is nothing mentioning cannabis plants at all.”
Arun said reporters haven’t done their due diligence.
“So when this information spread through the news, I don’t know if they didn’t pay attention to the documents, or if they just saw ‘0.2’ and said, ‘Ahh!”, he added.
This didn’t stop top global news services from getting it wrong:
“Marijuana is now legal, but not for recreational use,” vaunted business outlet Bloomberg stated, reporting that “However, prospects for the Thai cannabis trade will be limited by the country’s ban on recreational use and the production of anything with more than 0.2% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound that gives users a ‘high’ sensation.”
SMH, Bloomies. SMH.
From international wire service Reuters came this Friday report:
“Thailand has eased the rules on cannabis, allowing people to grow the plant at home. But smoking pot is still banned,” correspondent Laila Shahrokhshahi assured, saying the government would “allow the consumption of marijuana in food and drinks.”
After quoting the prime minister saying, without qualification, that “people can consume both cannabis and hemp” starting Thursday, the report then misstated that the authorities “have decided to limit the strength of cannabis products that are now legal, which would rule out smokers of the drugs known as pot or weed from getting high.”
Coconuts reporters can verify that weed sold at several Bangkok dispensaries – from Highland Cafe and Sukhumweed to The Dispensary by Taratera – were highly potent strains such as Zkittlez, Snoop Dogg OG, Thai Loy, among others.
Reuters also misreported that cannabis growers must register via a government app. Not true, as it is not legally required.
Reached for comment Monday, Reuters newly appointed Southeast Asia Bureau Chief Kay Johnson referred questions to its communications team. In response, Reuters spokesperson Kayley Rogers said they were reviewing the matter.
After this story was published, Reuters corrected its reporting to remove the assertion that smoking weed was not allowed.
All this is not to say Coconuts, which has reported since January that de facto legalization was coming this month, has not made mistakes in its reporting. Those misstatements however have erred on the conservative side, such as a previous assertion that growers would be required to register their plants, and that smoking would only be allowed at home.
As a nominally conservative country led by ultra-conservatives, Thailand has played down the radical 180-degree turn it has taken by masking it with “warnings” and admonitions rather than announce to the world the full extent of its liberalization. But those suggestions carry no weight of law.
Asked if he saw any journalists test the Highland products they were making claims about, Arun noted that none took their reporting that far..
“I didn’t see any reporters smoking my stuff,” he said. “But I was pretty busy.”
Additional reporting Chayanit Itthipongmaetee