ABOVE: Pattaramon Chanbua holds her baby Gammy, born with Down syndrome, at Samitivej Hospital in the Sri Racha district of Chonburi province on Monday, Aug. 4. Photo: Nicolas Asfouri
Australian authorities today are investigating the father at the center of a surrogate baby scandal after he was exposed as a convicted pedophile, to determine whether his young daughter is at risk. The man, from Bunbury south of Perth, sparked global controversy for apparently abandoning his Down syndrome baby boy, Gammy, in Thailand and taking only his healthy twin sister back home, although he and his wife dispute the circumstances.
In another twist to a story that has generated fierce debate on the moral and legal grounding of international surrogacy, reports have emerged the man, who cannot be named for legal reasons, has convictions for child sex offenses.
According to the Daily Mail, the Australian couple are David Farnell and Wendy Farnell, who married 10 years ago in Jianjiang.
Australian state broadcaster ABC said David Farnell was jailed for three years for molesting two girls under 10 when he was in his 20s. He was also convicted in 1997 of another six charges of indecently dealing with a child under 13 and reportedly imprisoned for 18 months.
Authorities in Western Australia said they attempted to contact the couple at their home Tuesday but with a media scrum gathered outside, no one answered the door. Western Australia Department for Child Protection spokesman Darren O’Malley confirmed to AFP that an investigation had been launched and said another attempt to speak with the parents would be made Wednesday.
“A full investigation is being conducted into the safety and welfare of the child involved,” he said. “We will talk to the people concerned and information will also be gathered from the police and other family members.”
O’Malley said that if they could not track down the man and his wife then “we would enlist the services of the police to locate the persons of interest”. “We have the powers to remove children when there is significant and immediate concerns over their welfare. On the other hand, we could find that there is no need for other action,” he added.
Surrogate Mother Shocked
The surrogate mother, Pattaramon Chanbua, said she was shocked at hearing of the child sex convictions and was willing to take back the boy’s twin sister ‒ aged seven months ‒ if the allegations were true. “I’m shocked, but I don’t know how true it is … (if it is true) I will try to take the other baby, but that’s up to the law,” she told AFP on Tuesday.
Pattaramon, 21, has said she agreed to carry another Thai donor’s egg fertilised by the Australian man in exchange for around US$14,900. An agency, which she refuses to name for legal reasons, acted as the go-between. She claims the agency told her the parents wanted her to have an abortion ‒ which is illegal in Thailand ‒ once medical tests revealed the boy had Down’s syndrome, but she refused.
The Australian couple have disputed her version, claiming they were told Gammy had a congenital heart condition but not Down’s syndrome, and left him in Thailand because doctors said he would not survive more than a day or so.
Thai health authorities say it is illegal to pay for surrogacy in the kingdom and that someone who agrees to carry a baby must be related to the intended parents. The Thai medical council said Tuesday it is investigating who delivered the treatment. Commercial surrogacy, in which a woman is paid to carry a child, is not permitted in Australia but couples are able to use an altruistic surrogate who receives no payment beyond medical and other reasonable expenses.
To avoid those curbs, Surrogacy Australia said couples are increasingly going overseas to find women willing to carry their baby, with several hundred each year travelling to India, Thailand and the United States.
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